The Sustainability Impact Assessment

The Sustainability Impact Assessment is conducted in support of the negotiations on an EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement. It feeds into and steers the negotiations, assessing changes that are likely to be caused by the trade agreement, helping to identify possible trade-offs, and ensuring that the related policy choices are optimised.

For more information about the negotiations, please click here.

For information about our Project Team, please click here.

Methodology

The project consists of two equally important and complementary components:

1.     A robust analysis of the potential economic, social, environmental and human rights impacts that the investment protection agreement could have, conducted through desk research and qualitative and quantitative analysis. As Myanmar investments into the EU are expected to be limited in the short to medium term, the analysis will focus mainly on impacts on Myanmar.

2.     A wide-ranging consultation process which will ensure a high degree of transparency and the engagement of all relevant stakeholders in the EU and in Myanmar. These include social partners, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), business, government and academia. The stakeholder consultation process will encompass face-to-face and telephone interviews, a questionnaire on this website, a local workshop in Myanmar,and meetings with civil society organisations in Brussels, amongst other activities.

For more information on this approach, please click here. We invite all stakeholders to contribute to the ongoing negotiations by responding to our questionnaire.

General Approach

The SIA includes in-depth overall and sectoral analyses of the potential economic, social, environmental and human rights impacts of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement.

The analysis will draw on quantitative  and qualitative indicators as well as inputs from the broad and continuous consultation process, which encompasses face-to-face interviews, an online questionnaire, public meetings, a local workshop in Myanmar, and meetings with civil society organisations in Brussels, amongst other activities. Indicators for the assessment of economic, social, environmental and human rights impacts include inter alia: GDP growth; FDI inflow; trade flow;labour rights; water and soil pollution; and right to property.

To assess overall and sectoral impacts, the analysis will first establish an overall baseline scenario including the current state of affairsin Myanmar as well as its potential development in the absence of an EU-Myanmar IPA with regard to the economic, social, environmental and human rights situation. In a second step, an analysis of the impact of a concluded EU-Myanmar IPA and its provisions in economic, social, environmental and human rights terms will be conducted against the established baseline scenario.This methodology will be applied both to the overall analysis and the sectoral analysis, in which the potential economic, social, environmental and human rights impacts on specific economic sectors will be assessed.

In this context, particular attention will be given to vulnerable social groups and geographical areas that are most likely to be affected, either positively or negatively.